问题

如何在web.py中使用sqlalchemy

方案

创建一个钩子并使用sqlalchemy的 [scoped session] (http://www.sqlalchemy.org/docs/05/session.html#unitofwork_contextual)

import string
import random
import web

from sqlalchemy.orm import scoped_session, sessionmaker
from models import *

urls = (
    "/", "add",
    "/view", "view"
)

def load_sqla(handler):
    web.ctx.orm = scoped_session(sessionmaker(bind=engine))
    try:
        return handler()
    except web.HTTPError:
       web.ctx.orm.commit()
       raise
    except:
        web.ctx.orm.rollback()
        raise
    finally:
        web.ctx.orm.commit()


app = web.application(urls, locals())
app.add_processor(load_sqla)


class add:
    def GET(self):
        web.header('Content-type', 'text/html')
        fname = "".join(random.choice(string.letters) for i in range(4))
        lname = "".join(random.choice(string.letters) for i in range(7))
        u = User(name=fname
                ,fullname=fname + ' ' + lname
                ,password =542)
        web.ctx.orm.add(u)
        return "added:" + web.websafe(str(u)) \
                            + "<br/>" \
                            + '<a href="/view">view all</a>'

class view:
    def GET(self):
        web.header('Content-type', 'text/plain')
        return "\n".join(map(str, web.ctx.orm.query(User).all()))


if __name__ == "__main__":
    app.run()

###models.py

from sqlalchemy import create_engine
from sqlalchemy import Column, Integer, String

engine = create_engine('sqlite:///mydatabase.db', echo=True)

from sqlalchemy.ext.declarative import declarative_base

Base = declarative_base()
class User(Base):
    __tablename__ = 'users'

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    name = Column(String)
    fullname = Column(String)
    password = Column(String)

    def __init__(self, name, fullname, password):
        self.name = name
        self.fullname = fullname
        self.password = password

    def __repr__(self):
       return "<User('%s','%s', '%s')>" % (self.name, self.fullname, self.password)


users_table = User.__table__
metadata = Base.metadata


if __name__ == "__main__":
    metadata.create_all(engine)

在跑程序之前,运行’python models.py’来初始化一次数据库.

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